Stone Age In computer folklore, an ill-defined period from ENIAC (ca. 1943) to the mid-1950s; the great age of electromechanical dinosaurs.
Bronze Age ‘Bronze Age’ era of transistor-logic, pre-ferrite-core machines with drum or CRT mass storage (as opposed to just mercury delay lines and/or relays).
Iron Age 1961-1971 The Iron Age began, ironically enough, with the delivery of the first minicomputer (the PDP-1) and ended with the introduction of the first commercial microprocessor (the Intel 4004) in 1971.
Elder Days The heroic age of hackerdom (roughly, pre-1980); the era of the PDP-10, TECO, ITS, and the ARPANET. This term has been rather consciously adopted from J. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy epic The Lord of the Rings.

Computing History Resources

Computer History Museum

Located in Mountain View, CA, CHM has something for everyone, from docent-led tours to demonstrations to self-guided visits. It provides both onsite and online exhibits.


Located in Seattle it closed during the pandemic, hopefully it will make a comeback.

Have a trip down memory lane re-discovering your old computer, console or software you used to have.

Vintage Computer Festival

Founded in 1997, the Vintage Computer Festival is the world's longest-running event devoted to the history of computing.

HitMill History of Computers

A history of computers, computing, and a timeline of the history of computers and early calculating machines. Defunct, but cached on

Chronology of Personal Computers

An attempt to bring various published sources together to present a timeline about Personal Computers.

Great Microprocessors of the Past and Present

Out of date, but still a good resource.

Remember When? Computer ads from the 80's.
A cool (and now very outdated) book illustrating the history of computers.